B.Ed is the bachelor’s degree undertaken to take up teaching as a profession. However, it is worth knowing that B.Ed or Bachelor of Education is not an undergraduate degree and to pursue this course one needs to have completed his/her graduation. Thus, B.Ed is a professional course and right after completing this course, students can get a job at the school level. The B.Ed course duration is typically two years. Candidates can pursue B.Ed in distance education as well as regular mode. B.Ed course fees vary from college to college and depend on different parameters such as the type of institution (government/ private) and mode of education (regular/ distance).
Educational Qualification: Candidates need to have completed their graduation in any stream (that is, Arts, Science or Commerce) in order to fulfill B.Ed eligibility criteria. However, most popular B.Ed colleges allow candidates to take part in their admission process for B.Ed course if they have graduated with at least 50-55% aggregate marks at the UG level.
Age Limit: For B.Ed admissions in a majority of colleges, there is no age bar. However, admission process of some B.Ed colleges require candidates to be minimum 19 years in age.
The curriculum of B.Ed course is designed in such a way to make the candidates acquainted with all the aspects that they will have to face in their profession. The teacher has to deal with classrooms of multilingual character with children from diverse socio-cultural, economic and linguistic background and varying levels of cognitive abilities. Thus, B.Ed candidates need to understand the process of learning or how learning occurs, create suitable or conducive environment for learning, be able to provide varied opportunities for the students to observe, experiment, reflect, and question. Thus, the Bachelor of Education course curriculum is designed such that aspirants need to study the below mentioned topics:
Childhood and Growing Up
Contemporary India and Education
Learning and Teaching
Language across the Curriculum
Understanding Disciplines and Subjects
Gender, School and Society
Pedagogy of a School Subject
Reading and Reflecting on Texts
Drama and Art in Education
Critical Understanding of ICT
Knowledge and Curriculum
Assessment for Learning
Creating an Inclusive School
Health, Yoga and Physical Education
On completing Bachelor of Education, aspirants can become teachers at the primary, secondary and senior secondary levels in schools. In order to be hired as an Assistant Professor or Professor at the college/university level, candidates need to appear for Teacher Eligibility Tests like CTET, APTET, TSTET or UGC NET.
Candidates with a B.Ed degree can apply for jobs at all government and private schools in India.
D.El.Ed is a 2 year full time diploma course to train teachers for primary level teaching, ie, from class I to VIII. D.El.Ed stands for Diploma course in Elementary Education and covers the teaching methods of children between the ages 6 to 14. The 2 year curriculum is divided into 4 semesters and has been designed to enhance the educational qualities techniques and new teaching methods.The D.El.Ed qualification was made mandatory for all candidates willing to teach in the primary level schools after the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Bill, 2017 was passed by the Indian Parliament. D.El.Ed courses can be obtained through both regular as well as online mode.
There are some basic requirements to enroll in the D.El.Ed course. The eligibility is more or less the same for all the states. However few states may have specific requirements which vary. The candidates must check the details before applying for admission in the D.El.Ed course.
The general requirements are stated below:
1. The lower age limit to apply for the D.El.Ed courses usually range between 17 to 18 years whereas the upper age limit can range from 34 to 35 years.
2. Candidates should have cleared 10+2 from a recognized board of education with 50% or higher marks (applicable only for general category students).
3. Applicants from the reserved categories such as the SC, ST and OBC are given 5% relaxation in the Higher Secondary Examination marks. In such cases, candidates are supposed to produce their reservation certificates along with the other required documents.
4. The Higher Secondary Examination marks will only be considered even if the applicant is a graduate.
5. Some states and institutes conduct their own entrance examinations, hence aspirants must clear such exams for D.El.Ed admission.
Untrained teachers who are already working at government primary or upper primary schools can also apply for the D.El.Ed course.
The D.El.Ed admission process is held annually by the respective state. Every state has its designated board or organisation that conducts D.EL.Ed admission and the notifications are released in the official websites by the concerned departments. Not all states conduct entrance exams for D.El.Ed admission.
States like Bihar, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Assam conduct entrance exams for D.El.Ed admissions, whereas some other states West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, do not conduct entrance exams for D.El.Ed admissions.
Entrance Based Admission: D.El.Ed entrance exam syllabus includes subjects studied at school. It is an objective type written exam with multiple choice answers. The syllabus includes basic subjects like Mathematics and Numerical Ability, General Knowledge, English, Teaching Abilities, Language Test (Hindi or regional language)
₹ 2-5 LPA